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The aim of present study was investigate the effect of Cognitive – Behavioral therapy on relationship beliefs (irra- tional beliefs in marital relations) of infertile women, Pardisan, Iran. This cross sectional descriptive analytic study was performed on 30 infertile women attending the Infertility Clinic Vali-e-Asr Reproductive Center (Pardisan, Iran) and divided to two groups, each group was 15 women (Control and experimental groups). Participants were selected by systematic random sampling from the patient list by nurse receptionist in each clinic and participants who fit in the inclusion criteria of infertility duration of >1 year and diagnosed with primary infertility. Data were recorded in Persian form of Relationship Beliefs Questionnaire (RBQ; Romance & DeBord, 1995) and structured researcher questionnaires. Experimental group participated in 8 sessions of cognitive group therapy, each session 120 min and each session run in one week, totally 8 weeks. Covariance analysis for relationship beliefs at pre-test between groups showed that there is no significant difference between mean scores of experimental and control groups. But analysis for relationship beliefs at post-test between groups showed significant difference between mean scores of experimental and control groups. Our results showed that a period of cognitive behavioural thera- py has significant difference on relationship beliefs in infertile women.
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