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Healthcare workers who are capable of providing quality care are scarce in various less- and middle-income countries. Despite this, the four countries still have a smaller numberofhealth workers and a misdistribution of workers. Among the factors contributing to these problems are migrants, an aging workforce, and skills mix imbalances. Partially staffed healthcare systems cannot address these issues. An understanding of the dynamics of the health labor market and the development of effective policies are crucial in the goal of achieving universal health coverage. Staff training, quality of service, and dual practice are all areas where regulation is needed in the private health labour market.
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