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Vitex negundo is a plant with medicinal properties that has been employed in traditional medicine to address a wide range of health conditions. This review summarizes the phytochemical and pharmacological activities of Vitex negundo. The plant contains various bioactive compounds such as terpenoids, flavonoids, alkaloids, and essential oils, which exhibit diverse pharmacological activities such as anti-inflammatory, analgesic, antipyretic, antioxidant, antitumor, antimicrobial, antifungal, and antiparasitic effects. Several studies have demonstrated the efficacy of Vitex negundo in the treatment of various diseases. The plant also possesses hepatoprotective, nephroprotective, and neuroprotective effects. However, further studies are needed to fully understand the mechanisms of action of Vitex negundo and to develop new drugs based on its bioactive compounds. In conclusion, Vitex negundo is a promising medicinal plant that deserves further investigation as a potential source of new drugs for the treatment of various diseases.

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Gandhimathi R, Karthick Raja D, Chandru Ganesh S, Praveen. R. S, Sivi Hirthikha. G. R, & Vijey Aanandhi M. (2023). A Review of Phytochemical and Pharmacological Activities of Vitex negundo. International Journal of Research in Phytochemistry and Pharmacology, 13(1), 1-6.